Areas of our body that are prone to repeated friction tend to easily form blisters. If you like gardening or you are an athlete, then you've probably had hand blisters at a point. A blister is a raised bubble of liquid that forms on the skin. They can form in clusters or singularly.
As a reaction to the injury on the skin, a clear fluid seeps to the site from the surrounding damaged tissues. Blisters are usually uncomfortable, itchy, annoying and painful. If the blister formed due to a sub dermal injury, it is likely to be filled with blood instead of a clear liquid. Those are referred to as blood blisters. They are usually darker in color and more painful.
Causes of Hand Blisters
Blisters on hands and feet are caused by various factors. It can be due to continuous physical irritation, an infection, chemical irritation and/or exposure to extreme heat or cold. Physical irritation comes from friction when the skin is harshly crushed, pinched, squeezed or is rubbed together vigorously for a while. An example is when one gets small blisters on hands after gardening for a while.
Chemical irritants like vesicant can also cause blisters on the hands. They are usually in the form of clear hand blisters. Continuous exposure to extreme cold or heat can cause frost bites and sunburn blisters on hands.
Certain skin infections, such as allergic contact dermatitis can cause itchy blisters on hands. Prolonged contact with certain plants like the poison ivy and extended use of harsh detergents can cause tiny blisters on hands.
Illnesses such as herpes, chickenpox and pemphigus also cause blisters to develop on the body. Drug reactions can also cause water blisters on hands, which are basically blisters that contain blood serum without any blood cells and clotting agents. Side effects from Furosemide, Nalidixic acid, and Doxycyline include possible mild blisters forming on the user’s body.
Step by Step Treatment of Blisters
Natural Hand Blisters Treatments
Cucumber: To reduce the swelling, inflammation and pain on any blood blister, you can apply a slice of chilled cucumber directly on it. Let it stay on for several minutes before you take it off. Cucumbers contain silica, which strengthens the connective tissue that holds the skin cells together. When this treatment is repeated several times in a day, it helps to get rid of blisters faster.
Baking Soda: Using one tablespoon of water or buttermilk and a teaspoon of baking soda; make a thin paste and apply on fever blisters. It quickly dries out the blisters by creating an alkaline environment where it is applied.
Apple Cider Vinegar: Mix three teaspoons of castor oil and a half a cup of apple cider vinegar and store away in a small colored bottle. Apply the mixture on the blister often to make it heal faster. Apple cider vinegar and castor oil contain powerful antibacterial and antifungal properties that speed up healing. Making a cosmetic vinegar.
Oatmeal: This is a great way of relieving the itchiness caused by some blisters. It also helps make the blisters heal faster. You can sprinkle some oatmeal in a bowl of warm water and soak the affected hand or foot in it. Some people like to sprinkle some oatmeal in their bath water and soak for a while in it. If you'd rather not soak the affected part in the oatmeal and water mixture, you can make a thicker paste and apply directly to the blister.
Aloe Vera: Aloe vera juice is a potent way of rejuvenating skin cells. The juice can be used on blood blisters or other blister varieties. You can cut open an aloe leaf and apply the liquid directly on the blister. If you are dealing with a blood blister, you can mix equal parts of aloe vera juice and vitamin E oil and gently apply it. Leave it on for several minutes, so that it dries completely. If it’s a fever blister, you can mix two drops of grapeseed oil and a teaspoon of aloe vera juice and apply it.
Cold water soak or cold compress: When you get a blister, you should run cold water over it immediately. Also, to help ease the pain from blisters, you can carefully apply a cold compress to it. To relieve the itchiness of some blisters, it is best if you don’t scratch it, instead cover the blister with a cold piece of cotton washcloth.
Over-the-counter Blister Remedies
Docosanol: This is a cream applied on fever blisters, up to five times daily to encourage healing.
Phenique: This is a numbing gel topically applied to ease the pain, burning and itching associated with hand blisters.
Benzylkonium Chloride: This helps limit the blister formation.
Neosporin: This works as an antibacterial.
Ambesol: This moisturizes regular blisters scabs, so they are less likely crack.
Hand blisters are best prevented by avoiding any substance that can irritate your skin, and minimizing skin friction. You should also avoid other identified allergens and harsh chemical irritants. You should towel your hands dry after washing to avoid blisters as they readily form on wet and warm hands.