Soap is made out of merely three parts: lye, water and a combination of oils for tint and fragrance.
Lye and water do not merge easily, so they must be brought to similar temperatures.
Every oil, has a different saponification index, which is a measure of how much lye is needed to turn that specific oil into soap. Every oil type is different; none of the oils can be mixed.
Making your own soap can be low-cost, because of the large selection of oils available today.
Natural Soap Making can be fun!
Some of the advantages of making your own soap:
• It is easy on the pocket.
• It is of higher quality.
• It can have health related benefits.
• It is better for the environment.
There are three keys to successful soap making:
• Accurately weighed ingredients.
• A good blueprint.
• Correct technique.
How to Make Natural Soap
Steps to make the perfect natural soap:
1. Gather your tools - you will need:
• Latex gloves.
• A Scale that measures to the tenth of an ounce.
• Stainless steel spoons.
• Temperature meter.
• Plastic beaker.
• Stick blender.
• Rubber spatula.
• Measuring ladle.
2. Bring together your ingredients-
• 135 grams lye in a small container (Sodium Hydroxide).
• 350 ml purified water.
• Olive oil 477.5 grams in a large bowl.
• Coconut oil 195 grams.
• Grape seed oil 257.5 grams.
3. Put on the gloves and goggles. Measure out the lye on the scale in a plastic cup, be especially precise.
Measure out the water in a different cup. Pour the lye into the water,
and swirl slowly with a spoon until it begins to steam, then let it cool
down. *do not inhale the fumes*
4. Measure out the coconut oil, palm oil and olive oil. Pour all oils in a big bowl and put in the microwave for about 1-2 minutes or until melted. Set to the side to cool.
5. Test the temperatures of both mixtures; they ought to be cooled down to between 100-105 degrees Fahrenheit.
Gradually tip the oils into the lye. Using the stick blender, pulse the mixture for a few seconds. Stir the mixture, and pulse it again, keep stirring, until the mixture starts to set.
(If you lift the stick blender
out of the solution, it will drip back in the bowl and leave a ‘trace’
or trimming on the exterior of the stick) Pour the mixture into a mould
lined with freezer paper and cover up with a towel.
6. Allow the mould to sit for 24 hours. Remove the towel, and the soap should be firm and cool.
Take the soap out of the form with a knife, be sure not to cut the soap. Put your soap on a rack, for 4 weeks to solidify. After the 4 weeks, it is ready to use!
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