Tinea versicolor is basically a chronic fungal infection of the skin characterized by hypopigemented or hyperpigemented and scaly macules. A superficial and mild skin infection, it usually involves the upper trunk and occurs mostly in younger individuals who live in a humid, warm environment.
Research points towards Malassezia furfur, a lipophilic fungus to be
the probable cause of the condition. In the following section, we’ve
listed some of the key causes of tinea versicolor and other such tinea
The Key Causes
fungus that causes tinea versicolor, tinea manuum, tinea corporis or any
of its variant can basically thrive on perfectly healthy skin. However,
the condition begins to set in once the fungus overgrows, which could
be due to a series of factors including:
- Excessively oily skin
- Humid or warm weather
- Hormonal changes
- Weak immune system
Important Signs and Symptoms
key symptoms of tinea versicolor, also known as pityriasis versicolor,
centre around apparent spots on the skin, along with other related
changes. Here, we’ve listed some of the key signs of tinea versicolor:
- Spots that are dry, scaly and a shade different from the skin. Being lighter or darker than the usual tone of your skin, these spots can be present in a range of colors such as pink, white, salmon, brown, tan or red.
- Spots that occur anywhere on the body and are accompanied by an itchy skin.
- The skin on the spot will not tan as the yeast will prevent it from doing so.
- Spots that grow very slowly.
- Spots that combine as they grow and form patches of skin.
- Spots that might diminish or even disappear as the temperature falls, only to return when the air gets warmer.
you’ve been affected by tinea versicolor, tinea barbae, tinea capitis
or any of the lot, you should know that there is always a chance of
recurrence, even if you’ve had complete recovery. To begin with, you can
follow the below listed home remedies to prevent such recurrences.
- Stay dry and avoid excessive sweating
- Wear loose-fitting and light clothing
- Use a shampoo that contains selenium sulfide or other such ingredients that combat dandruff
Another important part of tinea versicolor cure is to regularly use a
preventive medication such as ketoconazole or itraconazole.
first line of treatment for tinea versicolor, tinea corpus, tinea
pedis, tinea nigra and the like include using the above listed home
remedies and prevention tips.
However, if these fail in treating
tinea versicolor, then the following topical and oral prescription
medications are generally advised.
A number of anti-fungal, topical medications can be used as a part of tinea versicolor treatment, including:
- Selenium sulfide (Selsun)
- Ciclopirox cream/gel/lotion (Loprox)
- Ketoconazole shampoo/cream (Nizoral)
Tinea versicolor treatments can also include a number of oral prescription medications including:
- Itraconazole (Sporanox)
- Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
- Fluconazole (Diflucan)
to prevent recurrences of scalp tinea, your doctor might also recommend
usage of a medicated shampoo or moisturizer for some period of time,
especially if you are prone to getting tinea versicolor frequently.